What is Chemotherapy How Procedures and side effects of Chemotherapy Treatment

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What is Chemotherapy How Procedures and side effects of Chemotherapy Treatment

What is Chemotherapy ?

What is Chemotherapy How Procedures and side effects of Chemotherapy Treatment - Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses hard drugs (chemical/toxic) to damage or kill cells that grow quickly. Chemotherapy used to treat cancer. The goal is to reduce the number of cancer cells or reduce the size of the tumor.

Different types of chemotherapy drugs can be used singly or combined together with other medications such as antibiotics to overcome infections that may occur. The downside, there are many side-effects in chemotherapy, ranging from mild to severe.

How Chemotherapy Drugs Worked
Our body produces new cells to replace cells that have died or been damaged. This process is done on a regular basis and is balanced. While cancer cells do not have a regularity, the process of reproduction (fission and growth) cancer cells outside the control, the more cancerous cells are produced and subsequently occupy more places and spaces, until finally pushing out the space occupied by the body's normal cells. This required chemotherapy, chemotherapy drugs will interfere with the ability of cancer cells to divide and multiply.
What is Chemotherapy How Procedures and side effects of Chemotherapy Treatment
What is Chemotherapy How Procedures and side effects of Chemotherapy Treatment

The Side Effects Of Chemotherapy

Different types of chemotherapy drugs not only will damage or kill cancer cells, but also can damage most normal cells in the body. This will cause side effects vary. Some of the side effects that often occurs in chemotherapy, among others:
Nausea and/or vomiting
Diarrhea or constipation
Loss of appetite
Hair loss
Low red blood cell count or anemia
Weakened immune system and increased susceptibility to infection

Flavor of the weak
Easy bruising and/or bleeding
Canker sores
Numbness and tingling in the hands and/or feet, or weakness due to nerve damage
Kidney damage
Damage to the heart muscle
Infertility (the declining fertility rate)
Menstrual periods cease
Chemotherapy Procedures

Chemotherapy drugs can be applied into the bloodstream to attack cancer cells throughout the body, or it can also be applied directly to where the cancer is located. The doctor will determine the best choice of chemotherapy drugs to treat cancer. Chemotherapy drugs can be given in several ways, namely:
Per oral (mouth)
With an injection (shot) into the muscle (intramuscular) or veins (intravenous)
With the catheter tube leading to the bladder, stomach, chest cavity, brain, spinal cord or heart
The application/applications directly on the skin
But before the procedure the chemotherapy, doctors will usually instruct patients for medications such as below:

  • Steroids
  • Drug allergy
  • Anti nausea medication
  • Sedative
  • Antibiotics
  • Long Chemotherapy


In most cases of cancer, to obtain the best results then chemotherapy is done within a certain period. Treatment plans will be made by doctors, which will determine when chemotherapy will start and for how long.

Chemotherapy could have only done in one day, or it can also last for several weeks. This depends on the type and stage of cancer. If patients require more than one treatment, then there will be a period of pause/break to let his body recover. For example chemotherapy one day followed by a rest period of one week, followed by a treatment at one the other day that followed a three-week rest period, and others. This can be done repeatedly.
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